Surgery Patients with severe cases of hammertoe may need surgery. If the toe is still flexible, only a simple procedure that releases the tendon may be involved. Such procedures sometimes require only a single stitch and a Band-Aid. If the toe has become rigid, surgery on the bone is necessary, but it can still be performed in the doctor's office. A procedure called PIP arthroplasty involves releasing the ligaments at the joint and removing a small piece of toe bone, which restores the toe to its normal position. The toe is held in this position with a pin for about 3 weeks, and then the pin is removed. Metatarsalgia refers to pain felt under the ball of the foot. According to the Merck Manuals, it can be the result of nerve injury, poor circulation or a joint abnormality such as arthritis. The nerves may become irritated from repetitive stress or from the formation of Morton's neuroma, a benign nerve tumor. Nerve injury produces a burning pain in the toes and ball of the foot, followed by loss of sensation. Arthritis can affect any joints in the foot, causing a dull achy pain that is worse upon rising and improves throughout the day. Fracture and Stress Fracture Most (young) women like to look stylish and wear a shoe with a medium to high heel. The problem with high heels is that your bodyweight is not evenly distributed across the underside of the foot, but rather 80% of your weight pushes down on only one area of the foot, the forefoot area. i.e. the balls of your feet. This is totally unnatural and before long the entire forefoot structure collapses, leading to constant pressure and friction in the ball of the foot. The body reacts and builds up thick layers of callous in this area which in turn leads to a burning sensation under the foot. Diabetes related pain in the feet means that there is some nerve damage happening to cause these pains. It is an extremely serious warning that veins in the foot are closing up - the circulation of blood in foot is being closed off. If you suffer with diabetes and feel any tingling sensations at all in your feet, report it immediately. Did you know that 15% of all people with diabetes will suffer foot ulcers - the foot is being poisoned to the extent it can tear a hole open in the foot. 3% of these sufferers will lose their legs - FACT! Seeing a podiatrist for severe pain is always recommended, but for the average level of foot pain , basic foot care can be a successful solution. Working long days on your feet, hiking on rugged terrain, and abnormal pronation are all prime causes of pain in the feet. Being aware of how you step can help identify potential reasons for certain types of pain as many people experience over or under pronation in how their foot strikes the ground and rolls off the ankle. These kinds of problems can even lead to long term joint problems and should be addressed. About the Author Arthritis is one of the biggest problems faced by millions of people everyday. Severe pain and swelling of the foot are some of the symptoms associated with arthritis. This condition can be so severe at times that the person must be confined to bed. If you suffer from this condition you can apply the following treatments to get some relief for your foot pain. Avoid placing any weight on the suffering foot by providing it with support such as crutches or a cane. There are many non-prescription medications that can be used to provide temporary foot pain relief. These include Advil, Aleve and Tylenol. A hot and cold foot treatment can help in easing sudden foot pain To do this, fill a bucket with hot water and another bucket with cold water. Soak your feet in the cold water for a few minutes and then soak them in hot water. Alternate between hot and cold water soaks for a few times and finish with a cold water soak. The hot water dilates the blood vessels in your feet and the cold water constricts it. This compress will help in boosting the blood circulation, giving you relief from foot pain.